Lessons from Hadith.

 Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radiyallahu anhu) narrates that the messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, Imaan has more than seventy odd branches of which the most important is the recitation of la ilaha illallah and the least is to remove some obstacle from the way and Hayaa (modesty, bashfulness) is a branch of Imaan. (Bukhari, Muslim)

 

Hadhrat Shaykhul hadith Molana Muhammad Zakariyya (Rahmatullahi alayh) writes in Fadhail e A’maal under this Hadith,

‘Modesty has been specially mentioned because it serves as a safeguard against many sins like adultery, theft, dirty talk, nudity, abusive language, etc. In fact fear of getting a bad name in this life as well as the next life actuates a man towards all good deeds including of course Salaah, Zakah, Hajj, etc. And obedience in all respects to Allah (Subhanahu wa ta’laa) thus there is the well known proverb ‘be shameless and do whatever you like’..... The fact is we abstain from misdeeds for fear of disgrace and shame. A sense of modesty and shame makes one thimk if I do not offer Salaah I will face digrace in the hereafter, but if one has lost all sense of shame he will say, what does it matter if others call me low!’

 

In Ashrafut Tawdheeh under this Hadith it is written,

‘The tanween in شعبة (branch) is for تعظيم i.e emphasis to show that Hayaa is a very great branch of Imaan. For that reason, it is said that Hayaa itself is a separate branch of Imaan and it is also an instigator in fulfilling the other branches of Imaan. The stronger the Hayaa of a person is the easier and better it will be to perform the other branches of Imaan.

 

Mulla Ali Qari (Rahmatullahi alayh) writes in Mirqatul Mafateeh,

The type of Hayaa referred to in this Hadith is the modesty that comes from faith and not the natural shyness in a person. It has been explained by the saying ‘For your Allah to not find you from where he has prohibited you’.

 

 

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