First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah

Dhul-Hijjah is the last month of the Islamic calender. This month has special significance because of its merits and virtues.

Significance of The First 10 days

Allāh Ta‘ālā mentions in Surah Al-Fajr: “ I swear by the Dawn, and by Ten Nights...” According to the majority of the commentators of the Glorious Qur’ān, the nights upon which Allāh Ta‘ālā has taken oath of, are those of the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.

Abdullāh ibn Abbās radiyallāhu ‘anhuma reports that the Prophet sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said: “ There are no days during which good deed are more pleasing to Allāh Ta‘ālā than these days (i.e. the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah).” (Al-Bukhāri)

Abū Hurayrah radiyallāhu ‘anhu related that the Prophet sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said: "On no days is the worship of Allāh desired more than in the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. The fast of each of these days is equal to the fast of a whole year, and the worship of each of these nights is equal to the worship of Laylatul Qadr." (At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah)

Abdullāh Ibn Umar radiyallāhu ‘anhu related that the Prophet sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said: "No days are as weighty with Allāh and so liked by Him for good deeds than the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. So on these days increasingly read Subhānallah, Lā ilāha illallāh, Alhamdulillāh and Allāhu Akbar." (Musnad Ahmad)

Virtues of The Day of ‘Arafah

'Ā'ishah radiyallāhu anhā reports that the Prophet sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said: "There is no day in which Allāh sets free more souls from the fire of hell than on the day of ‘Arafah. And on that day Allāh draws near to the Earth and by way of showing His Pride remarks to the angels, 'What is the desire of these (servants of mine)?'" (Muslim)

Talhah radiyallāhu 'anhu reports that Prophet sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said: "Apart from the day of the Battle of Badr, there is no day on which the Shaytān is seen to be more humiliated, more rejected, more depressed and more infuriated than on the day of 'Arafah, and indeed all this is only because of seeing the abundance of descending mercy (on the day) and Allāh's forgiveness of the great sins of the servants." (Mishkāt)

Fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah

It is Mustahab to fast on the day of ‘Arafah. Abū Qatādah Al-Ansārī radiyallāhu ‘anhu narrated that the Prophet sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam was asked about the fast on the day of ‘Arafah. He said: "It compensates for the (minor) sins of the past and the coming year." (Muslim, At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah)

Virtues of the Night of Eedul-Adhā

The nights of both Eedul-Fitr and Eedul-Adhā are very blessed. They are amongst the great and sacred nights of the Islamic calendar. Therefore, one should endeavour to remain awake and perform Ibādah in these nights.

Mu'ādh ibn Jabal radiyallāhu ‘anhu relates that the Prophet sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said: "Jannah is wājib (incumbent) for those who stay awake with the intention of making 'ibādah on the following nights: 8th, 9th and 10th of Dhul Hijjah, the night of 'Id-ul-Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha'bān." (At-Targhīb)

'Ā'ishah radiyallāhu anhā reports that the Prophet sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said: "Whosoever stays awake and performs 'ibādah (worship) on the nights of the two Eed, with hope for abundant reward (from Allāh), his heart will not die on the day (i.e. Qiyāmah) when all hearts will be dead." (At-Targhīb)

Takbīrāt of Tashrīq 

It is wājib for every adult Muslim to recite the Takbīrāt of Tashrīq audibly once after every Fardh salãh which is performed with jamā'at (congregation) from the Fajr of 9th Dhul Hijjah to the 'Asr of 13th Dhul Hijjah (i.e. total of 23 salãh). The Takbīr should be recited immediately after concluding the fard prayer. Women should say the Takbīr softly. The Takbīrāt of Tashrīq are:

Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Lā ilāha illallāhu wallāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Walil-lāhil-hamd

Translation: "Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest. There is no deity besides Allāh and Allāh is the Greatest. Allāh is the Greatest and all praises are for Allāh only."

Virtues of Qurbāni

The Prophet sallallāhu alayhi wasallam said: "There is nothing dearer to Allāh Ta’ālā during the days of Qurbānī than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allāh Ta’ālā before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and happy heart." (At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah)

 

 

The Month of Sha‘bān

Sha‘bān, the eighth Islamic month is a month of virtues, blessings and greatness. It is due to this virtue and greatness that the Prophet s has emphasised its importance in the Ahādeeth.

Usāmah t asked, "O Rasūlullāh s I do not see you fasting in any month as much as in Sha‘bān.” He replied, “It is a month people are negligent of between Rajab and Ramadhān. It is a month in which deeds are raised towards the Lord of the worlds. Therefore, I like my deeds to be raised whilst I am fasting."

(Nasa’ī)

‘Ā’ishah t narrates, "…I never saw Rasūlullāh s fasting for a whole month except the month of Ramadhān and did not see him fasting in any month more than in the month of Sha‘bān."

(Bukhārī, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd, Nasa’ī) ‘Ā’ishah t narrates, "Rasūlullāh s used to fast the (whole) month of Sha‘bān except for a few days."

(Nasa’ī) Fifteenth of Sha‘bān

Amongst the days and nights of Sha‘bān, there is one night called Laylat-al-Barā’at or Shabe Barā’at, a night known for its great blessings and merits. Abū Mūsā Al-Ash'arī t narrates that the Messenger of Allāh s said, "In the fifteenth night of Sha'bān, Allāh S manifests and forgives all His creation except for the Mushrik (idolater) and the spiteful."

(Ibn Mājah)

The Fast of the Fifteenth

The fast of the 15th of Sha'bān cannot be termed as Sunnah or Mustahab. However, the fast could be kept without taking it as a Sunnah or Mustahab considering that: a) The fasts of the first half of Sha'bān have special merits as can be seen from the practice of the

Rasoolullah s. b) The virtues of the fasts of Ayyām-al-Bīdh (i.e. 13th, 14th and 15th of the Islamic month) have been mentioned in the ahādeeth.

 

Recommended Deeds

(1) It is desirable that one fasts in the month of Sha‘bān as much as one can. However, if fasting in Sha‘bān is going to affect the fasting of Ramadhān then one should refrain from it.

 

(2) Salāh should be performed in Jamā‘ah (congregation) everyday, However, on this auspicious night, one must participate with special care in the Maghrib, ‘Ishā and Fajr Salāh. (3) Spend as much time of the night as possible in worship individually. One may engage in dhikr, recitation of the Qur’ān, salāh, learning and teaching or any other form of ‘ibādah. However, one must refrain from worldly talk and futile activities. If one cannot do 'ibādah then at least refrain from all types of sins.

One must strive to attain the full blessings and benefits of this night and refrain in particular from all those practices which have no basis in the Qur’ān and Sunnah. Indeed, this night is a great favour of Allāh S for the believers.

May Allāh S guide us all on the straight path and enlighten us with the blessings of this sacred month and its blessed night. Āmeen.

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